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Fidyah can be defined as a charitable form of compensation that every Muslim, who is unable to fast during any of the days of Ramadan due to old age, illness, or infirmity, must pay in the name of Allah SWT

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Note: Fidya is primarily for those who are suffering from long term illness or unable to fast due to old age (many scholars also include pregnancy in this category), and are not able to make up the fasts after Ramadhan.


Zakat ul Fitr is due to every member of a household, including any children or elderly persons, and is obligatory to pay before the day of Eid.


You must pay charitable compensation if you miss any fasts during Ramadhan. You must pay kaffarah for fasts missed unnecessarily. However, for any fasts missed out of necessity, and that cannot be made up afterward, fidya (fidyah) must be paid.

Fidyah for Missed Fasts During Ramadan

Essentially, Fidyah is a religious payment made by a person who is either suffering from an illness that prevents them from fasting or is extremely weak due to old age or is not obliged to fast during Ramadhan (menstruating, pregnant, or breastfeeding women).

According to the Hanafi School, Fidyah can only be paid by someone unable to fast during Ramadhan, cannot make up for the missed fasts at any other time, and is not expected to regain the ability to compensate for the lost fasts. This means that you are only eligible to pay Fidyah if all three aforementioned conditions are fulfilled. If not, the person must make up for the missed fast by fasting rather than paying the Fidyah. Moreover, based on the teachings of the Hanafi School, Fidyah is only valid if the person has no hope of compensating for the missed fast in their lifetime. Therefore, the following people do not qualify to pay Fidyah:

  • Who accidentally broke or missed their fast.
  • Who missed Fasting due to a temporary illness.
  • Who is unable to observe fast due to surgery but can fast in the following years.

Also, if a person pays Fidyah believing that they won’t be able to make up for the missed fast anytime soon but then regains their health in the future, in such case, they are required to make up for the missed fast as they Fidyah will automatically be considered a charity rather than a compensatory payment.

Verse from the Quran or Hadith

For the people who intend to fast but face difficulty, Allah SWT says:

“[Fasting is for] a limited number of days. So whoever among you is ill or on a journey [during them] – then an equal number of days [are to be made up]. And upon those who are able [to fast, but with hardship] – a ransom [as substitute] of feeding a poor person [each day]. And whoever volunteers excess – it is better for him. But to fast is best for you if you only knew.” (Qur’an, 2:184)

Moreover, for the people who are sick or traveling and cannot observe fast, Allah SWT exempts them from fasting by saying:

“Yet if one among you is sick or is on a journey [such a person shall then fast] the same number of other days” (Surah Al-Baqarah: 185)

Ibn’ Abbaas (RA) narrates that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), on being asked about what should be done by an elderly woman who is unable to fast, said, “She should feed one poor person for each day, giving half a sa’ of the local staple food, such as dates or rice equivalent to approximately one and a half kilograms.”
In another place, Al-Bukhaari narrates, “As for an old man who is unable to fast, after Anas grew old, for one or two years he fed a poor person with bread and meat and he did not fast.”

How Much Is Fidyah for Ramadhan in 2023

According to the teachings of Islam, the amount of Fidyah for every missed fast must be equal to the value of two meals. This means that if you live in the Zanzibar – Tanzania, you are obligated to pay £3 per day for every Fast that you have missed, equating to £90 for the entire month of Ramadan. Fidyah should only be paid to those in need. However, in line with the cost of basic staple foods, the cost of Fidyah also fluctuates every year. The primary aim of Fidyah is to provide a poor person with two nutritious meals as compensation for every missed fast.

How Do I Pay My Fidyah?

Fidyah is a donation that must be paid in either of the two forms; food or money. Ideally, it is recommended to pay Fidyah by providing a poor person with two proper meals for every fast missed. However, if you want to compensate altogether for all the missed fasts, you can easily do that by paying the value of two wholesome meals- £3- per Fast.

When Do I Pay Fidyah?

According to renowned Islamic scholars, the ideal time to pay Fidyah is during the month of Ramadhan. For example, if you have missed fasting in the previous year, you should Fidyah (for the missed fast) while observing this year’s past. However, if you won’t be able to make up for the missed Fast, you can also pay the complete Fidyah amount at once.